Dynamic Interpersonal Therapy; Using dynamic interpersonal therapy can be beneficial for treating depression or anxiety. To put it simply, it’s a fantastic method of treatment. The reason for this is that the method is both effective and efficient.
Using the model of dynamic interpersonal therapy (DIT), the present study evaluated whether the level of expected engagement a client expects from treatment is a predictor of the outcome of the process. The results showed that holding no expectations was a good idea, but a higher expectation did not guarantee a better result.
The DIT model describes three stages of the therapy process: the initial phase, the middle phase, and the final phase. The therapist gathers information about the client’s background and thinking styles in the first stage. In the middle phase, various therapeutic tasks are used to help the therapist and client explore the situation’s underlying issues. In the final phase, the therapist integrates the gathered information and implements the changes they’ve identified.
The process stage is the most complex part of the process. The therapist and the client work to resolve problems, achieve goals, and maintain positive relationships. Communication skills between therapist and patient are developed during this process, which ultimately benefits the patient.
The process stage is also the most complicated because it consists of a number of stages. The most important of these is the relationship phase. This is where the therapist and the client establish a therapeutic relationship, which enables the therapist to gain insight into the client’s needs and concerns. The therapist helps the client to clarify their ideals and to set a clearer vision of the future.
Dynamic Interpersonal Therapy – Middle phase
During a brief Dynamic Interpersonal Therapy (DIT) session, the therapist draws attention to the patient’s feelings and thoughts. As the sessions progress, people are able to talk more openly about their experiences and feelings. They can try out new behaviors and adopt habits that promote well-being.
The therapist gathers information about the person’s history, then builds a picture of the person. The therapist also seeks to identify patterns in the person’s behavior and to explore how those patterns manifest in their current relationships. This is done by asking questions and by collecting information.
The therapist also focuses on the affective aspect of the relationship. The therapist works to understand the relationship pattern and help the person to change it.
The therapist and client also work together to develop a plan to achieve the desired outcome. They agree to devote time and energy to achieving the desired results. During the middle phase, five to twelve sessions are conducted.
A “miracle question worksheet” is used to help the client envision a better life. This includes clarifying the client’s ideals and goals. It also helps the client to commit to working toward that goal.
Another tool is a “goodbye letter.” The therapist and the patient write a “first draft,” comment on it, and then refine it before finalizing it.
Treatment for depression and/or anxiety
Developed by Peter Fonagy, dynamic interpersonal therapy (DIT) aims to alleviate depression and anxiety that are associated with relationship problems. DIT is based on object relations, psychodynamic theory, and mentalization theories.
DIT focuses on the client’s thoughts and emotions to increase self-reflection. It encourages patients to understand the link between depression and relational difficulties. It can be used as an effective stand-alone treatment for anxiety and depression. NICE recommends it for depression.
During the first phase, the therapist asks the patient to identify and discuss a pattern in their life. The therapist then helps the patient to decide on a focus for the therapy. This consists of one to three sessions.
The middle phase consists of five to 12 sessions. These sessions aim to help the patient work through an internal working model of themself and an attachment figure. The therapist then shows the patient how this model manifests in the relationships that they have in their lives.
The last phase consists of 13 to 16 sessions. The therapist will continue to use the framework to help the patient work through the emotional crisis. The therapist also works on developing solutions to the client’s problems. The end phase includes a discussion of sorrow and gratitude.
Related Article: Emotionally Focused Therapy Training